Musculoskeletal Modeling as a Tool for Biomechanical Analysis of Normal and Pathological Gait

In this work, a 3D lower limb musculoskeletal model and simulation of multiple sclerosis disease is presented. The Model was developed using the Musculoskeletal Modeling Software (MSMS), MSMS has the advantage that the model can be exported directly to Simulink allowing us to generate Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) and evaluate different injuries. From the simulations, is possible to obtain the joint range of motion, joint torque, muscle-tendon length, force and moment arm, this is important not only to perform biomechanical analysis but also to design exoskeleton robots for rehabilitation and to generate reference trajectories for control purposes. In order to validate the results, a study case of a normal and pathological gait is presented, then, the results are compared with the literature and with real data obtained from a low cost, and a professional gait capture system.
Listed In: Biomechanical Engineering, Biomechanics, Gait